General rules. duration of the diet.
Diet for diabetes is an essential component of treatment. In mild forms of diabetes, sometimes one diet is enough to reach the target blood glucose level. In more severe cases, drug therapy (oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin) comes to the rescue.

General rules of the diet for diabetes:

Meals should be frequent and fractional (5-6 times a day), in small portions. This will help avoid large jumps in glycemic levels.

Meals should be taken at the same hours. The same applies to taking hypoglycemic agents and insulin injections.

Strict diets and hunger strikes are prohibited

Cooking methods such as stewing, boiling, steaming and baking are preferred.

Easily digestible carbohydrates should be excluded from food (sugar, honey, confectionery, jam, bakery products, from white flour).

The food should contain a large amount of fiber, since such carbohydrates are absorbed more slowly and do not raise blood sugar as sharply.

Limit the consumption of animal fats (butter, lard, fatty meats).

It is desirable that the calorie content of food and the amount of carbohydrates be approximately the same on different days, this is especially important when choosing the dose of insulin.
Diet for Type 1 Diabetes:
With type 1 diabetes, it is strictly forbidden to eat simple carbohydrates. These are sugar, honey, flour, chocolate. When you eat these foods, a person’s blood sugar level rises sharply. When compiling the menu, you need to take into account the calorie content of products and give preference to low-calorie ones. Food should be eaten often, but in small portions, 5-6 meals a day. The basis of the diet should be protein foods, fruits and vegetables.

Diet for Type 2 Diabetes:
In type 2 diabetes, it is recommended to normalize weight and control blood sugar levels.

With this diet for diabetes, it is necessary to completely abandon simple carbohydrates (sweets, pastries), sweet fruits (apricots, banana, grapes, cherries, pineapple, watermelon, melon).

You can only eat foods that have a low glycemic index.

Types of diets for diabetes of different types:
For diabetes, diet number 9 is recommended.

What can be done with diabetes? List of allowed products.
In diabetes diet, it is necessary to choose foods with a low glycemic index.

VEGETABLES: Tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, green beans.
FRUITS AND BERRIES: Cherry, cranberry, lingonberry, pear, apple.
porridge: barley, rice, oatmeal, buckwheat.
MEAT: Rabbit, turkey, veal.
FISH: Low-fat river fish.
What not to do with diabetes? List of fully or partially restricted products.
DAIRY PRODUCTS: Kefir, milk.
VEGETABLES: Beets, carrots, potatoes.
GRAIN: Wheat, semolina.
FRUITS AND BERRIES: Watermelon, grapes, bananas, raspberries, raisins, melon, kiwi.
MEAT PRODUCTS: Sausage, sausages, pork, fatty meats, the first meat broths.
SUGAR FOODS: Sweets, chocolate, sweet pastries, sugar.
Nutrition menu for diabetes mellitus (Diet)
Diet is very important in the treatment of diabetes. If you follow the diet, you can avoid unpleasant relapses. Food should be fractional, 5-6 times a day. If you are overweight, you need to reduce the total daily caloric content of meals.

Recipes for dietary meals for diabetes.
Sample menu for a day with diabetes:

Breakfast: Buckwheat porridge on the water. Baked apple. Unsweetened tea.

Second breakfast: Cheesecakes from low-fat cottage cheese. Rosehip decoction.

Lunch: Fish soup. Steam cutlet with vegetables. Kissel.

Afternoon snack: Fruit salad.

Dinner: Lazy cabbage rolls. Unsweetened tea.